What is Priority 1 all about?

Priority 1: Understanding disaster risk

Policies and practices for disaster risk management should be based on an understanding
of disaster risk in all its dimensions of vulnerability, capacity, exposure of persons and assets,
hazard characteristics and the environment. Such knowledge can be leveraged for the purpose
of pre-disaster risk assessment, for prevention and mitigation and for the development and
implementation of appropriate preparedness and effective response to disasters.
National and local levels.
To achieve this, it is important:
(a) To promote the collection, analysis, management and use of relevant data and practical
information and ensure its dissemination, taking into account the needs of different categories
of users, as appropriate;
(b) To encourage the use of and strengthening of baselines and periodically assess disaster risks, vulnerability, capacity, exposure, hazard characteristics and their possible sequential effects at the relevant social and spatial scale on ecosystems, in line with national circumstances;
(c) To develop, periodically update and disseminate, as appropriate, location-based disaster risk information, including risk maps, to decision makers, the general public and communities
at risk of exposure to disaster in an appropriate format by using, as applicable, geospatial
information technology;
(d) To systematically evaluate, record, share and publicly account for disaster losses and
understand the economic, social, health, education, environmental and cultural heritage
impacts, as appropriate, in the context of event-specific hazard-exposure and vulnerability
(e) To make non-sensitive hazard-exposure, vulnerability, risk, disaster and loss-disaggregated
information freely available and accessible, as appropriate;
(f) To promote real time access to reliable data, make use of space and in situ information,
including geographic information systems (GIS), and use information and communications
technology innovations to enhance measurement tools and the collection, analysis and
dissemination of data;
(g) To build the knowledge of government officials at all levels, civil society, communities and
volunteers, as well as the private sector, through sharing experiences, lessons learned,
good practices and training and education on disaster risk reduction, including the use of
existing training and education mechanisms and peer learning;
(h) To promote and improve dialogue and cooperation among scientific and technological
communities, other relevant stakeholders and policymakers in order to facilitate a sciencepolicy
interface for effective decision-making in disaster risk management;
(i) To ensure the use of traditional, indigenous and local knowledge and practices, as
appropriate, to complement scientific knowledge in disaster risk assessment and the
development and implementation of policies, strategies, plans and programmes of specific
sectors, with a cross-sectoral approach, which should be tailored to localities and to the
(j) To strengthen technical and scientific capacity to capitalize on and consolidate existing
knowledge and to develop and apply methodologies and models to assess disaster risks,
vulnerabilities and exposure to all hazards;
(k) To promote investments in innovation and technology development in long-term, multihazard and solution-driven research in disaster risk management to address gaps, obstacles, interdependencies and social, economic, educational and environmental challenges and disaster risks;
(l) To promote the incorporation of disaster risk knowledge, including disaster prevention,
mitigation, preparedness, response, recovery and rehabilitation, in formal and non-formal
education, as well as in civic education at all levels, as well as in professional education and
(m) To promote national strategies to strengthen public education and awareness in disaster
risk reduction, including disaster risk information and knowledge, through campaigns,
social media and community mobilization, taking into account specific audiences and their
(n) To apply risk information in all its dimensions of vulnerability, capacity and exposure of
persons, communities, countries and assets, as well as hazard characteristics, to develop
and implement disaster risk reduction policies;
(o) To enhance collaboration among people at the local level to disseminate disaster risk
information through the involvement of community-based organizations and nongovernmental

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